Cystitis is a bladder infection (urinary tract infection) that can be caused by many different factors, including bacteria and rough sex. Although it's not often serious it can be uncomfortable, especially if it happens regularly and could eventually lead to kidney infections. Many people assume that only women suffer from cystitis but it can affect men too, although this is often a sign that something more serious could be the problem.
Trimethoprim is a prescription antibiotic medication intended for the treatment of cystitis and cystitis symptoms. It's currently available from OnlineClinic, but we ask all our patients to complete a consultation form when they place their order, to ensure that it's completely safe for them to use.
What causes cystitis symptoms?
A person could develop cystitis for many different reasons, one of the most common being bacteria causing infection in the urinary tract. This can happen because you aren't fully emptying your bladder when you go to the bathroom or if bacteria from the anus manage to get into the bladder. Bacteria can also be transferred during sex, or through particularly vigorous sex.
Soaps and tight clothing can all be irritants that can lead to cystitis and eliminating these causes could be helpful in preventing recurring infections. Sometimes a urinary tract infection can be a sign of diabetes or a more serious infection such as prostatitis (men) or a kidney infection, in which case further treatment is required.
What are the cystitis symptoms?
Normally cystitis symptoms include an urgent need to urinate and pain or stinging when you urinate. You may also notice blood in the urine, backache, loin pain, and aches in the lower abdomen or just a general feeling of being unwell.
Who is it most likely to affect?
This infection is most likely to affect adult women, but men as well as children can develop the condition. In general it's recommended that anybody who is experiencing the symptoms for the first time should visit their doctor. It's also important that you speak to your doctor if you experience infections regularly; however men and children are generally always advised to seek advice if they are experiencing cystitis symptoms.
Can it be prevented?
Experts generally recommend that you avoid using perfumed bubble baths, avoid wearing tight clothing, wear light cotton underwear and take showers instead of baths. If you are a woman you should wipe front to back to avoid bacteria from the anus from getting into the urinary tract. It's also a good plan to urinate after sex, and to completely empty your bladder whenever you urinate. Ensuring that you wash your genitals and hands before and after sex can also be helpful.
Drinking plenty of water and cranberry juice or using cranberry products is also thought to be very helpful in preventing cystitis, as well as cutting out food and beverages that you believe to be triggers such as coffee, fruit juices. If you wear a diaphragm, it could also be a cause so you could speak to your doctor about an alternative method of contraception, such as the pill.
Is it dangerous?
Most cases of cystitis clear up without treatment, but some could lead to more serious kidney infections if left untreated. Cystitis could also be a symptom of another health problem, such as a sexually transmitted infection, diabetes, thrush or recurrent cystitis. This is why any multiple or unusual instances of this condition should be reported to your doctor.
How can it be treated?
Cystitis can be treated with the help of home remedies, which include the use of water and cranberry juice. You may also want to try and avoid having sex until your infection has cleared up if you think sex may be the cause.
To help with discomfort, you may be able to use painkillers such as paracetamol, but if your infection is taking a while to go away, it might be worth considering the use of antibiotics. A continuous dose of antibiotics may be recommended for people who have recurrent thrush. Antibiotics are usually quick to get to work and can clear up an infection in a day or two.