There are a number of acne treatments available which can help to treat the bacterial skin condition effectively. From over the counter treatments to prescription acne treatments, these medications can treat anything from mild to severe acne. Therefore the severity of a person's acne, combined with how much the condition is affecting a person's confidence, will be key factors in choosing the right treatment.
Prescription treatments come in a variety of forms, including oral antibiotic tablets, topical antibiotics, topical retinoids and azelaric acid. The most common oral antibiotic acne treatments are Minocin, Oxytetracycline and Dianette. Each treatment is available on prescription only. Your doctor will give you advice on the most suitable treatment for you.
In addition to the above prescription treatments, there are also other prescription treatments for acne, though they require more tests to ensure a person's suitability. Roaccutane is a stronger acne medication that requires a blood test to ensure a patient's tolerance without the risk of severe side effects. A doctor will only recommend this medication if other acne treatments have been tried and proved to be ineffective.
There is a huge selection of over the counter acne treatments which do not require a prescription and claim to treat the condition effectively. In the form of gels, lotions, and creams, the ingredients usually found in these treatments include azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, alpha hydroxyl, sulphur and salicylic acid. Although they are popular due to being cost effective, they are generally only effective for mild cases of acne. However, for the treatment of moderate to severe types of acne, prescription treatments are required.
As opposed to oral or topical acne treatments, there are also alternative acne treatment methods. Chemical peels are a solution that when applied to the face cause a layer of the skin to peel off, leaving the new and fresh skin underneath. Photodynamic therapy is another non-pharmaceutical method, in which light is directed to the infected skin. Comedone extractors are instruments used to remove mild to moderate forms of acne like blackheads and whiteheads. The true effectiveness of these treatments, however, is questionable.
There are a number of things that can be done to prevent a person's chances of getting acne. These include using mild soap or cleanser with lukewarm water when washing your face. Although washing your face regularly is recommended, over washing can lead to the irritation of skin. Wearing makeup that is water based and labelled as non-comedogenic is recommended, as is washing any make up off before you go to bed. Preventing hair from frequently touching your face is another way to help prevent acne from occurring.