Cystitis can be very uncomfortable and disruptive, but the majority of infections tend to go away after a couple of days, with the help of over-the-counter cystitis treatments, lots of water and cranberry juice. However, some people tend to require more targeted cystitis treatments with the use of antibiotics, such as Trimethoprim. Below is a list of potential methods to treat cystitis as well as ways to prevent a potential infection.
Not everybody with this infection will require a cystitis treatment in order to deal with an infection. In these cases, painkillers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol can be used to help deal with the pain until the infection has completely gone away. Cranberry juice is often considered as a treatment for cystitis; however it's been proven that it is better used to prevent recurring outbreaks, and then only if it is taken in capsule form as quite a large amount of juice needs to be consumed for it to be effective. It is thought that drinking water is good for preventing and treating cystitis but this has not been proven, although the overall health benefits of water can't be denied. It's also a good idea to avoid sex until you feel better if this is the cause of your infection.
However, if you are a man, child or a woman experiencing an infection for the first time, then it's best to go to your doctor before taking any at-home cystitis treatments.
Having to use a cystitis treatment can be avoided in many different ways. One of the most obvious things that you could do is to try and empty your bladder properly every time you urinate. This will prevent urine staying behind in the urinary tract and becoming an ideal breeding ground for bacteria. Women should also try and avoid wiping from back to front to ensure that any anal bacteria doesn't reach the bladder.
You should try and wash your hands as well as your genitals before and after sex to ensure that bacteria don't end up in the urinary tract. Urinating after sex can also ensure that any bacteria are removed from the urinary tract. Wearing cotton underwear and keeping tight clothing to a minimum, especially if you are currently using cystitis treatments, could also help.
Women are often extremely sensitive to the effects of perfumed body wash, so it's best to avoid these as well as douching products, as they can disturb your natural feminine balance and cause discomfort. Changing your contraception can also be helpful in preventing future problems, in particular if you use something like a diaphragm.
Other than taking prescription medication, you can try and drink loads of water, use cranberry juice products and also avoid foods that tend to increase urine acidity, such as fruit juices, coffee and spicy dishes.