Diabetes is a common, long-term condition that affects around 3 million people in the UK. The condition exists in two forms and in each form it causes the amount of glucose in the blood to be too high. Insulin is produced in the pancreas and is a vital part of your body that helps glucose enter the cells where it is used as fuel; Type 2 diabetes develops when the pancreas is creating insulin that does not work well in the body or when enough insulin is not being created. Formerly known as Adult-Onset Diabetes, Type 2 diabetes is a condition that can develop in anyone and, in theory, at any time; on the other hand, a person can be born with Type 1 diabetes. It is not yet fully understood why and how a person gets Type 1 diabetes, nor is there any cure for it currently.
Excessive weight is the leading cause of Type 2 diabetes and this is, of course, linked directly with the UK's rising weight levels with experts suggesting that around 2 thirds of all adults in the UK are either overweight or obese. With this rise in obesity occurring all over the Western world - and some experts point to the correlation between the increase in wages and the increase in BMI as being of vital importance – it is certain that, if there is not a shift in the lifestyle choices that are leading to weight gain, the frequency of Type 2 Diabetes will also increase.
Dieting with diabetes does not have to be difficult and organisations such as the NHS and Diabetes UK do not recommend cutting out any food types or eating foods created specifically for people with diabetes. Instead, most experts agree that dieting with this condition is more a case of ensuring that your meals are nutritious and regular, so that you receive everything that you need for a healthy lifestyle. Eating a balanced diet that includes fruit, vegetables, starch and non-dairy sources of protein and dairy is something that everyone should try and do and it is fine to enjoy treat foods from time to time, but it is important that you recognise and remember that, if you have diabetes, the foods you eat and the physical activities you take part in are a part of your treatment.
There are some guidelines that are good for those with type 2 diabetes to keep in mind when trying to plan their diets:
If you have diabetes then the most important thing is for you to carefully manage your diet and nutritional intake – monitoring your blood sugar levels and ensuring that you are digesting the correct amount of glucose is essential. If you struggle with Type 2 Diabetes, then medication may also be prescribed to you. A prescription treatment like Metformin can be an excellent aid in ensuring that you maintain healthy and safe blood glucose levels.