There are a number of haemorrhoid treatments that are available to help alleviate the condition. Haemorrhoid treatments vary in method, application and dosage, with a doctor prescribing the treatment he or she feels would be the most beneficial for the sufferer. Unless severe, haemorrhoids are not usually considered to be harmful. They can however cause a number of unpleasant and painful symptoms such as itching, irritation, swelling and inflammation in and around the back passage.
Haemorrhoid medications in the form of creams, lotions, ointments, sprays and suppositories are usually recommended to treat the condition. These medications can help to ease and reduce the swelling and irritation commonly caused by internal and external piles.
Some of the most recognised haemorrhoid treatments available include Scheriproct, Perinal, Anusol-HC, Ultraproct, Uniroid-HC, Proctofoam-HC, Anugesic-HC and Proctosedyl. Additionally Betnovate, a well-known treatment for inflammatory skin conditions, can also be prescribed to treat piles. Most of these medications are also available as a suppository. Each medication is available on prescription.
In addition to using prescribed haemorrhoid treatments, there are a number of self-care methods that can be implemented to help treat haemorrhoids. Making sure to avoid straining while on the toilet is advised as excessive straining can make the condition worse. Using moist tissue paper like baby wipes to clean the back passage can help to ease the pain and prevent the area from getting irritated further. Likewise, when drying the area around the back passage, instead of wiping it is recommended that you pat the area.
To prevent haemorrhoids in the future or prevent further discomfort of piles, dietary changes are recommended. This will help you to avoid straining and constipation, both of which are factors behind the condition. An increase of fibre therefore in your daily diet will help stools pass more easily. The recommendation of fibre is 25-30g , which can be found in foods like wholemeal bread, pasta, vegetables, fruits and certain breakfast cereals. An increase of exercise in your daily routine is also advised.
If haemorrhoids become too severe then alternative treatment may be required. It is recommended that you discuss alternative treatments with your doctor, who will give advice on the best method of treatment for you. Painkillers or laxatives are two options that may be prescribed by a doctor. Procedures like banding - where a tight elastic band is used to cut the blood supply of the piles causing them to drop off - are another treatment option. Likewise, infrared coagulation uses an infrared light to laser the piles off. Having an injection, otherwise known as scierotherapy, is another treatment that will cause the piles to significantly decrease in size. If the haemorrhoids have become very severe and too large, surgery may be required.